Scarcity 2.0


Header Art by Major Sniper

As everybody who pays attention to EVE-related news knows by now, CCP is raising the price of EVE Online (both Omega subscriptions and PLEX). The purpose of this article is not to comment on that decision either for or against*; it is rather to analyze the effect of that price increase in terms of its likely effect on the game itself. In short, the thesis is this: with this price increase, CCP has in effect introduced Scarcity 2.0, even as they’ve been rolling back the original Era of Scarcity.

Scarcity 1.0: Increasing the Hour Cost of In-Game Materiel

On December 19, 2019 CCP issued a brief announcement:

Greetings, Capsuleers,

On Tuesday 17 December, Veldspar and Spodumain rocks were removed from Null-Sec asteroid belts. At the same time, the quantity of ore for levels three, four and five asteroid Anomalies in Null-Sec were greatly reduced (33%, 50%, and 66% respectively). These changes will vastly lower the availability of some ores in Null-Sec.

The Beginning of Scarcity 1.0

CCP went on to say that the changes marked the beginning of a “resource distribution overhaul” and that more communication would be forthcoming. Further communication did come, three months later, on March 30, 2020 in the form of a lengthy devblog entitled, “The EVE Online Ecosystem Outlook.” This devblog laid out CCP’s vision for tuning away an overabundance of materiel in the EVE economy by a multi-phased period of reduction and realignment. The devblog began with an aphorism that was to become infamous in the EVE community: “Abundance breeds Complacency and Scarcity breeds War.”

With that line, CCP provided the EVE playerbase with a name for the painful period of resource distribution that was to have such a dominant impact on the game for the next two years: Scarcity.

As everyone who has lived through it knows, Scarcity involved a variety of changes to game mechanics that were designed to reduce the amount of ISK and raw materials flowing into the EVE economy (as well as give CCP more granular controls over the EVE economy in the future). Among other things, bounties were reduced, ore availability was reduced, and more easily adjustable tuning knobs were added to both. In practical terms, the end result of all these changes was that it took more player hours to gather a given amount of resources (whether ISK or raw materials) than it had before Scarcity. As one Reddit commenter put it, “You’re going to earn less, and you’re going to be able to afford less, and it’ll be harder for you to plex your account at the end of the month. It’ll take more effort.”

Under Scarcity 1.0, because basic resource gathering activities were less efficient; it took more effort to achieve the same generation of in-game materiel as before: more hours per volume of raw materials; more hours per ship produced.

Scarcity 2.0: Increasing the Dollar Cost of In-game Materiel

After a year and a half of pain, CCP announced in July 2021 that Scarcity would definitely end in the fourth quarter of the year. Now as we enter Q2 of 2022, things have been looking up. CCP as promised released a raft of updates to mining and production that (after some initial, um, contention) were seen in many quarters as a not terrible correction to Scarcity. What’s more, despite some other missteps, they also introduced other well-received changes such as buffs to battleships. Things have been looking up!

And now the price to play EVE is going up—from $14.95 a month to $19.99 a month ( for an Omega subscription if paid monthly without discounts). Arguments aside about whether this price increase is justified or not, fair or not, or good for the game or not, there is a simple observation to be made about the effect of this change on the in-game economy.

The Interaction Between EVE and Real-Life Money

In some sense, given that a subscription has always had a real-life cost, the EVE economy has always been tied to the US dollar, or the Pound Sterling, or the Euro. But it wasn’t long into the game’s life that mechanisms were created that allowed the price of ISK to be specifically and directly tied to real-world currency with a rate of exchange.

As early as 2007, CCP established a mechanism that allowed players to exchange EVE Gametime Codes (ETC) for ISK, and by late 2008 the foundations of the PLEX system we still use today had been established. Once a stable form of exchange between ISK and game time was established, a de facto exchange rate between ISK and USD could be calculated. It became possible to talk about the cost of EVE materiel assets in terms of their equivalent real dollar cost—a capability which has been endlessly exploited by the gaming press, and to the delight of almost everyone.

But this real-world-currency-to-ISK conversion capability is more than a numerical curiosity or an interesting angle for press articles about big battles. In a real sense, it is a lynch pin of the entire EVE economy. The EVE economy is fundamentally made up of two kinds of players: those who pay for their play with real-world currency, and those who pay for their play with ISK. And these two groups are inextricably linked to one another; they are two halves of the same coin. For every purchase of game time with ISK, there MUST be a player who has sold game time they purchased with real-world currency for that ISK. This symbiotic relationship between those who pay-to-play (pay for game time with real-world currency) and those who play-to-play (pay for game time with ISK) is foundational to the entire EVE economy.

EVE Is Dependent On Scale

The EVE economy fundamentally depends on scale to operate at full capacity. From resource gathering, right through to production and marketing, EVE is a game that rewards operations at scale. Multiple accounts working together are simply more efficient and productive than single accounts working alone.

This advantage given to scale is by design. EVE is a MMO game, not a single player game. As a result, massive incentives are built into the game mechanics that encourage group collaboration. But the reality is, many EVE activities are either boring, or simple, or light-touch, which means it’s quite possible for a single player to reap the benefits of scale all by themselves, simply by rolling multiple accounts simultaneously. As a result, multi-account play is extremely common in EVE, particularly among the top-end players who really drive the in-game economy—the major shipbuilders and the big-time resource gatherers.

A single player running many tens of accounts is not at all uncommon for the dedicated players who are the foundation of the in-game economy. And the economy as a whole absolutely depends on these types of players. They generate a huge-amount of in-game materiel relative to their actual numbers—particularly high-end or highly-used materiel like the best ships and most-used modules. Without them, the in-game economy would be far weaker. And these players depend upon the symbiotic relationship between pay-to-players and play-to-players because most of them pay for their many accounts in ISK.

The Impact Of The Increase

What all this means is that by raising the dollar cost of ISK by 33%, CCP has (intentionally or not) introduced a new era of Scarcity that may be even more devastating to the in-game economy than the original Scarcity phase was.

Unless (as I’m sure CCP hopes) the amount of real currency being spent on EVE also rises 33%, there will inevitably be a net reduction in the dollar-for-game-time market equivalent to whatever is the shortfall in new money spent below 33%. Though more dollars may be spent, because less than 33% more dollars are spent, fewer actual PLEX and subscriptions will be purchased. This will mean fewer active Omega accounts. And where will this loss of Omega accounts be felt?

In the economy. In the many, many accounts that are used solely for ISK-making economic activities. Players won’t stop paying for their mains or primary alt pilots first. They’ll stop paying for accounts that they use to make themselves richer. In the face of game time scarcity, they’ll tighten their belts. And that’s what Scarcity 2.0 is; it’s game time scarcity. It’s Omega account scarcity. And depending on how severe the shortfall is, the ripple effects may well be felt throughout the entire EVE economy.

One likely knock-on effect is that the rich will simply get richer. As game time on the PLEX market gets scarcer, it will become more ISK expensive. Those with plentiful ISK will still be able to pay, and thus they’ll still be able to generate ISK in game using their established collection of accounts. The ISK poor? They’ll have to stop buying game time, and in so doing lose access to what ISK making potential they had. These are the folks I see scaling back their commitment to the game, or even stepping away completely. The whales will still pour in cash, and the big players will still by all the game time they need. It’s the folks in the middle that will get squeezed out.

My Final Thoughts

I wish that I could believe that CCP has run the numbers on this and has an accurate sense for how Scarcity in the game time market is going to effect the larger EVE economy, but I think we all know the reality on that. CCP will see how this turns out, just like the rest of us.

My prediction? The downward trend on the PCU will accelerate, and ISK velocity will decrease further. CCP is putting potentially serious pressure on the EVE economy at the precise moment when more than anything else it needs to be bouncing back.

* For the record, I personally have no issue with the increase in principle. An increase to $19.99 is still below the rate of inflation on $14.95 since 2004, so effectively we’re still be paying less than players did in 2004. If I expect employers to increase wages commensurate with inflation, I can hardly complain if they adjust prices for inflation once every decade or two. Seems fair to me. But based on feedback, most players obviously don’t see it that way. And who can blame them? Inflation is hitting everyone, and spending more money on EVE is probably not an option for many.

Let your voice be heard! Submit your own article to Imperium News here!

Would you like to join the Imperium News staff? Find out how!


  • Major Sniper

    Although i totally agree that the increase is a thorn in everyone’s side, especially after half the world is fighting inflation in their own back yards, the price increase is long overdue. Yes its hit the crap out of us and honestly, even i am reconsidering the amount of chars i own and use. The flip side however is now CCP has no excuse to continue on their destructive path they currently are following. If they dont start fixing their past mistakes fast, i think we could unfortunately be seeing the beginning of the end of this amazing game. I still love Eve Online and i tell my corp members when i speak to them to hang in there. Lets give CCP the benefit of the doubt (cause i seriously doubt they will fix much of their past stupid choices) and see what the future brings. Im holding both thumbs and have crossed every piece of my body that can cross that things get better. Lets stay positive here and keep our eyes on the horizon.

    April 25, 2022 at 12:57 PM
    • Eve_Osir1s Major Sniper

      You have more faith than me. As for the long overdue part, CCP have been monetizing the shit out of the game to make up for inflation (SP packs, SP trading, plex, etc). Readjusting for inflation at this point is just a money grab.

      April 25, 2022 at 3:04 PM
      • Major Sniper Eve_Osir1s

        thats a fair and honest point, however, not everyone buys into CCP’s shite like SP packs and other rubbish they have tried to force on us.

        In this case, it affects EVERYONE, even those of us who choose not to buy into their shitty deals. Guess we will see where it goes but im going to as always remain an optimist.

        i love this game too much to believe that its going to fail.

        April 25, 2022 at 3:32 PM
        • Eve_Osir1s Major Sniper

          I love this game too much to watch it fail without being very vocal about it.

          It is my hope CCP will look inward and fix their many problems instead of blaming external forces they have no control of. I suppose we both have hope in our own way.

          April 26, 2022 at 9:03 AM
    • Garreth Vlox Major Sniper

      “The flip side however is now CCP has no excuse to continue on their destructive path they currently are following”

      LOL they haven’t had that excuse since hitting a player peak giving them more money than ever to work with over a decade ago, that didn’t stop them from making shitty decisions then and it won’t now. Eve players need to stop saying, ” If they dont start fixing their past mistakes”, and just admit the truth. CCP doesn’t agree that they made any mistakes on the path that brought them here, the most they have ever offered was apologies for lack of/miscommunication with the player base. Even with their most recent attempt to shit up the industry side of the game they did not admit fault when adressing the HORRIFIC changes they had planned, they just word saladed their way around the point and hinted they will wind up doing what they planned at a later date when the outcry has slowed down.

      April 25, 2022 at 9:32 PM
  • kwnyupstate .

    Instead of a price increase what this really does is force people to make large commitments to get the same or a good price.
    For example the new 24 month sub pack is only slightly more expensive than the current 12 month sub pack.
    For example the new 20000 plex pack is the same cost as the current 15400 plex pack.
    CCP wants to insulate itself from quick income changes based on short term unfavorable actions.

    April 25, 2022 at 7:22 PM
  • Xandryll

    CCP Rattati needs to check his killboard here soon because he is doing an amazing job killing off the player base.

    In all seriousness though… Vily, if you are paying attention to things, this is the only way to exterminate a group from the game.

    While I would like to hope, I can’t help but be a realist here. What has CCP actually done in the past two years? The Bobs from Office Space need to ask them.. what is it you do here? They make minor balance tweaks, created crab beacons but what else that made a splash in terms of creation? Are Triglavian and Edencom ships less than two years old? I cannot recall.

    I’ve never played Final Fantasy but I do know WoW… they create new continents, classes, races, quests, raids, dungeons that are detailed and visually unique. The amount of work a Blizzard developer puts in is much larger because they are the content. They create it. CCP does not create content. The players do. CCP, in a gross display of hubris, try to insert themselves in to our content. Scarcity creates war. What a farce! Our hatred or basic list for destruction creates war. I don’t go to war because CCP turned off the faucet. I go to war because I want to kick over a sandcastle flying a PAPI flag over it and laugh at the wreckage.

    CCP: get out of our way. We have, can and will set aside PVP to PVCCP.

    April 26, 2022 at 12:08 AM
  • Looney Ed

    If we pay more a month in total we want something in return. Not just skins or free rewards.

    Make it possible for omega’s to login multiple characters at once.
    Like two or all three characters.
    Or discounts for running multiple characters.
    Its 33 % increase in costs a month is in real way more than they realize.
    For a serious industry focused individually they run ten or twenty characters just to adjust for the last mining changes. The shift from rorquals towards sub-cap mining. Just calculate the amount of money increase with these numbers a month this.

    Like I said. We need something in return to make it worthwhile to keep these accounts open.

    April 26, 2022 at 11:02 AM
  • shayneo

    Honestly, the game has been slowly bleeding out for a very long time. I think we all know that the much vaunted high player counts are very much a reflection of multiboxing. And that only goes so far before the reality of burnout starts to kick in.

    The question really is;- If CCP are doing this to keep the lights on. Is that actually a good thing? Because the alternative may well be no more Eve Online. I’ve been out of this game a long time now, but I know this ridiculous game means something to many of you so…. go for it?

    June 9, 2022 at 3:25 AM